Music for a Holocaust Memorial Program


Choral Music composed in Terezín

Haas, Pavel. Al Sefod (TTBB). Berlin: Bote and Bock, 1994 (composed in 1942).

Klein, Gideon. Bachuri Le’an Tisa (SSA). Czech Music Fund.

________. The First Sin (TTBB, T solo). Berlin: Bote and Bock, 1993 (composed in 1942).

________. Two Madrigals (SSATB) and Original Sin (TTBB). Berlin: Bote and Bock, 1993 (composed in 1943).

Schaechter, Raphael and Gideon Klein (attributed). Byt Svetem Vlada (unison children’s chorus). MS (click).

Strimple, Nick (arranger),Two Folksongs from Terezín (SATB or 4–6 equal voices). NLS Music 1994, distributed by Laurendale Associates. 

Ullmann, Viktor (arranger). Five Choruses for Women’s Choir (“Yomeh,” “Du Zolst Nisht Geyn,” “Du Meydel Du Sheyns,” “Hala Yardein,” “Ura Yisrael”)(SSA) (c. 1942–44). MS (Schott).

________. Three Choruses for Men’s Choir  (“Sha Shtil,” “Az Der Rebbe Elimelech,” “Fregt Di Velt”)(TTB) (c. 1942–44). MS (Schott).

________. Three Hebrew Choruses for Children  (“Am Yisrael Chai,” “Halleluyah,” “Heidad Ginah Ketanah”)(SSA) (c. 1942–44). MS (Schott).

________. Two Hebrew Choruses for Mixed Choir  (“Anu Olim Artsah,” “Eliyahu HaNavi”)(SATB) (c. 1942–44). MS (Schott).


Music from Other Ghettos And Camps

Cook, A.I. (arr. J. Jacobson). Zol Shoyn Kumen di Ge’uleh. NY: Transcontinental Music, 1995.

Isaacson, Michael (arranger). Cradle of Fire (“Shtiller,” “S’Brent,” “Zog Nit Keynmol,” “Babi Yar,” “Ani Maamin”) (SA, piano or orchestra). NY: Transcontinental Music, 1988.

Fastag, Azriel David (arr. Paul Caldwell and Sean Ivory). Ani Maamin (unison choir with piano and violin). earthsongs, 2005.

Rosenberg, Martin (arr. J. Jacobson). Tsen Brider (SATB)N.Y.: Transcontinental Music, 1995.

Vishnetz Rebbe (arr. M. Lazar). Ani Maamin (SATB)N.Y.: Transcontinental Music, 1995.

Yamposlky, Leyb  (arr. J. Jacobson). Dremlen Feygel (SATB).N.Y.: Transcontinental Music, 1995.


Post–war Settings of Holocaust–related Texts

Adler, Samuel. Stars in the Dust(mixed chorus, chamber ensemble). N.Y.: Transcontinental Music, 1986.

Brindley–Barnett, Jeanie. Butterfly Songs (mixed chorus, jazz ensemble). Minneapolis: Barnett Music Productions, 1993.

Charlap, Aharon. The Fire and the Mountains(Ha–Eish VeHeHarim) (for mixed chorus, soloists, narrator, and orchestra). Tel Aviv: IMP, 1980.

Davidson, Charles. I Never Saw Another Butterfly(SA, piano or orchestra). Elkins Park, PA: Ashbourne Music, 1971.

Hardyk, Joel. I Never Saw Another Butterfly(SA, oboe). NY: G. Schirmer, 1980.

Horvit, Michael. Even When God Is Silent(SATB). N.Y.: Transcontinental Music, 1993.

Siegel, Lawrence. Kaddish (major Holocaust oratorio using text written by survivors. Score from the composer.

Sargon, Simon. Symphony Number One: Holocaust (male chorus, baritone, orchestra). 1985 MS (Contact the composer).

Schoenberg, Arnold. A Survivor from Warsaw (unison male chorus, orchestra, narrator) (composed 1947). Hillsdale, NY: Boelke–Bomart, 1949.

Tippet, Michael. A Child of Our Time (chorus, orchestra). Mainz: Schott, 1944 and NY: Associated Music Publ.

Weiner, Lazar. Gele Late (SATB). NY: Transcontinental Music, 1947.

Weiner, Lazar. Kaddish in Memory of the Six Million (SATB, T solo, piano). NY: Cantors Assembly, 1971.

Books And Articles

Basart, Ann. "Music and the Holocaust: A Selective Bibliography." Cum notis variorum101 (April 1986):  1–30.

Bloch, Max. “Viktor Ullmann: A Brief Biography and Appreciation.” Journal of the Arnold Schoenberg Institute, 3 (October 1979): 150–177.

Bor, Josef. The Terezín Requiem. Translated by Edith Pargeter. NY: Avon, 1977.

Cummins, Paul. Dachau Song: The Twentieth–Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper. New York: Peter Lang, 1992.

Davidson, Charles. “The Butterfly Comes Home.” Journal of Synagogue Music23 (July/December 1993): 25–32.

Fénelon, Fania. The Musicians of Auschwitz. Translated by Judith Landry. London: Michael Joseph, 1977.

Flam, Gila. Singing for Survival: Songs of the Lodz Ghetto, 1940–1945. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe during the Second World War. NY: Holt, 1985.

Heskes, Irene. "Jewish Music Resources for Holocaust Programming." In The Holocaust: An Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide,ed. David M. Szonyi, 222–251. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 1985.

Jacobson, Joshua. “Music of the Holocaust.”   Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity (Editor in Chief: Dinah L. Shelton) Detroit: Macmillan (Thomson Gale), 2004, pp. 717-719.

______, “Music in the Holocaust,” The Choral Journal, December, 1995. (download)

______, “Tsen Brider: A Jewish Requiem.” The Musical Quarterly 84:3 pp. 452-474. (download)

Karas, Joza.Music in Terezín. NY: Beaufort Books, 1985.

Katz, Jacob. The Darker Side of Genius: Richard Wagner's Anti–Semitism. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1986.

Laks, Szyman. Music of Another World. Translated by Chester Kisiel. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1989. (Originally published as Musiques d’un autre monde. Paris: Mercure de France, 1948.)

Meyer, Michael. “Assumptions and Implementation of Nazi Policy toward Music.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, L.A., 1971.

Ringer, Alexander. “Arnold Schoenberg and the Politics of Jewish Survival.” Journal of the Arnold Schoenberg Institute3 (March 1979): 11–48.

Rose, Paul Lawrence. Wagner: Race and Revolution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Stephen Powitz, “Musical Life in the Warsaw Ghetto.” The Journal of Jewish Music and Liturgy  4 (1981–82).

Taylor, Brandon and Wilfried van der Will.The Nazification of Art. Winchester, Hampshire (UK): The Winchester Press, 1990.


Annotated Music Collections

Kalisch, Shoshana. Yes, We Sang. NY: Harper and Row, 1985.

Mlotek, Eleanor. We Are Here: Songs of the Holocaust. NY: The Workman’s Circle, 1983.


Selected Recordings

Davidson, Charles, I Never Saw Another Butterfly. Music Masters 7049–2–C.

Glick, Srul Irving. I Never Saw Another Butterfly. Maureen Forrester and John Newmark. Select CC 15.037. (Available through Canadian Music Centre, 20 St. Joseph St., Toronto M4Y1J9.)

Haas, Pavel and  Karel Berman. Composers from Theresienstadt. Channel Classics CCS–3191.

Hear Our Voices: Songs from the Ghettos and the Camps. (Music from Terezín, Vilna, Vishnetz, Sachsenhausen, Pryztik). HaZamir HZ–009.

Klein, Gideon, Sonata for Piano(also Klein, Trio; Ullmann, String Quartet No. 3; Ullmann, Piano Sonata No. 1; Krasa, Tanec; Krasa, Brundibar; Ullmann, AbendphantasieImmer InmittenDrei Jiddische Lieder,Little Cakewalk; Haas, Four Songs on Chinese Verse). Romantic Robot RR–1941.

________. Oeuvres instrumentales et vocales. (Includes: Piano Sonata, Two Madrigals, The Original Sin, Three Songs for High Voice and Piano, Duo for Violin and Viola, Divertimento, Duo for Violin and Cello, and Four Movements for String Quartet.) Arion ARN 68272.

________. Piano Sonata,Fantasie and FugueString Trio, Two Madrgials, Pvrní hrích, Czech and Russian Folk Songs  Koch 3–7230–2–H1.

Krakow Ghetto Notebook: The Songs of Mordecai Gebirtig. Koch 3–7295–2H–1.

Krasa, Hans. Brundibar(also Frantisec Domazlicky, Czech Songs for Children’s Chorus and String Quartet). Channel Classics CCS–5193.

Kulisiewicz, Aleksander. Songs from the Depths of Hell. Folkways FSS 37700.

Partisans of Vilna:The Songs of World War II Jewish Resistance. Flying Fish Records FF 70450.

Penderecki, Krzysztof. Dies Irae (Dedicated to the Memory of Those Murdered at Auschwitz).Conifer CDCF 185.

Remember the Children: Songs for and by Children of the Holocaust. The U.S. Holocaust Museum HMCD–1901.

Rubin, Ruth. Yiddish Songs of the Holocaust. Global Village C–150.

Schoenberg, Arnold. A Survivor from Warsaw. CBS M–35882. 

Senator, Ronald. Holocaust Requiem: Kaddish for Terezín. Delos DE–1032.

Shostakovitch, Dmitri. Symphony No. 13, “Babi Yar.” Erato 2292–45349–2.

Stern, Robert. Terezín. CRI–SD–264.

Tippet, Michael. A Child of Our Time. Philips 420075–2.

Ullmann, Viktor. Der Kaiser von Atlantis. London 440 854–2.