Robert Starer (1924- 2001) began to study piano at the age of four, as was admitted to the Vienna State Academy in 1937. In 1938, after Germany invaded Austria, he was able to escape to Jerusalem, where he continued his musical studies. During the second world war, he served in the British RAF, often touring as a pianist. In 1947 he came to the United States where he studied composition at the Juilliard School, and at the Berkshire Music Center. He has taught on the faculties of Juilliard and Brooklyn College. Numerous commissions include four ballets for Martha Graham and a Violin Concerto by Itzhak Perlman, which was recorded with Seiji Ozawa and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Starer is the author of Rhythmic Training (New York, 1969), Basic Rhythmic Training (New York, 1986) and an autobiography, Continuo: a Life in Music (New York, 1987). Starer’s six-movement dramatic cantata, Ariel: Visions of Isaiah, was commissioned by the Interracial Fellowship Chorus of New York in 1959.